Asteroid Belt vs. Kuiper Belt vs. Oort Cloud

Ever wondered the difference?

The Asteroid Belt, shown above, consists of hundreds of thousands of rocks, with all kinds of different shapes, ranging in size from the Dwarf Planet Ceres at 950 Km in Diameter, down to small bits the size of dust particles.  It lies between Mars and Jupiter.


The Kuiper Belt (pronounced Kai-per) consists of Icy rocks, and it a major source of short-period Comets in the Solar system.  Extending beyond the planet Neptune, Pluto was discovered to be one of the largest objects in the belt.

Credit: ESA

The mysterious Oort cloud is a collection of Comets, thought to extend far beyond the planets of the Solar System.  ‘Cloud’ is a correct term, as the Oort comets are distributed spherically about the Sun, possibly extending as far as half way to the next star.  The Oort orbits are not regular or planar like the Asteroid and Kuiper belts, and are often perturbed through gravitational interactions during their long journeys on highly eccentric orbits.

The belts and the Oort cloud show just how many rocks there are in the Solar System.  The Planets may be the largest objects, but they are certainly not alone.

5 thoughts on “Asteroid Belt vs. Kuiper Belt vs. Oort Cloud

  1. I’ve long believed that the asteroid belt was formed by the explosion of a planet that used to orbit between Mars and Jupiter. If that’s the case, I’m wondering if the shrapnel from that event may have traveled far enough out to form the Kuiper belt as well… and even the Oort cloud?….

    1. There are definitely ideas about migration of objects in the early solar system, and especially with Jupiter being such a huge gravitational shepherd, its likely that many perturbed objects have found their way to the Kuiper Belt. If there was a planet that formed between Mars and Jupiter, questions remain. How did it form with Jupiter so close-by? If it did form, what suddenly changed to allow Jupiter to tear it apart? It depends on the formation of Jupiter and it’s role in the early solar system, and it’s equally likely that no planet ever formed in the asteroid belt because anything that became large enough would be torn apart by Jupiter first.

  2. lala

    Beutiful pic

  3. Fred Moore

    The asteroid belt like the Trojan locations are just spherical harmonic ‘Low” points in the Solar System. The Earth too has 5 spherical harmonic low points L1…L5, 4 of which are slightly stable. Its not surprising that Jupiter, so Large, has many L points with 2 low points being stable enough to harbour non-acreted matter (Trojans) over time.
    I suspect that the asteroid & kuiper belts and oort cloud are just L Rings of the Sun similar to d,f & g shells of atomic orbitals which are the spherical harmonic solutions of atoms.

    I suspect that from the very beginning of the proto-solar system that these spherical harmonics were mathematically pre-mapped based on initial density, total mass and angular momentun in much the same way as the large variety of atoms are in the periodic table.

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